The essence of PBL is learning around problems / cases rather than discrete subjects (Savin-Baden, 2000). Students work in groups/teams to solve an ill-structured problem/case and not required to acquire a predetermined series of ‘right answers.’ The ill-structured problem presented in PBL requires learners to engage with a complex situation presented to them and decide what information they need to learn and what skills they need to gain to manage the situation effectively. Thus, PBL reflects the realworld scenario because the ill-structured problems encountered by learners are the potential type of problems learners might encounter in the real world where there will not be any predetermined solution or right answer. All that matters in this kind of learning is the ability to produce the most viable/possible solutions or options for the presented problem.
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